A Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) can be caused by a blow or jolt to the
head, or a by an object penetrating the skull and piercing the brain.
Car accidents are a major cause of traumatic brain injuries; other common
causes include falls, sports injuries, violent crimes and child abuse.
THE EFFECTS OF BRAIN DAMAGE
The effects of the brain damage are generally greatest immediately following the injury. However, long-term problems are difficult to assess because of the nature and complexity of the human brain. Cognitive and communication problems that result from TBI vary from person to person, and depend on factors such as individual personality, pre-injury skills and the severity of the brain damage.
VETERANS AND TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURIES
A large number of veterans suffer from brain injuries sustained during
combat. A survey of several hundred veterans with brain trauma found that 60
percent suffer from a neurological condition known as pseudobulbar, which
involves exaggerated emotional responses such as crying or laughing.